Your friendly neighborhood AppSec advisor and honeypot enthusiast. Formerly @ Goldman Sachs and Ernst & Young. Find his thoughts in code form committed to Github.
Signal Sciences offers tremendous capabilities to defend web applications. I’m not talking just about how it defends against the usual suspects like OWASP injection attacks. I’m talking about how Signal Sciences Power Rules gives you the flexibility to easily define rules on the fly, so you can react to threats in real time. Given how much our customers have taken advantage of Power Rules, —over 20% of our customer traffic includes Signals created to surface unique application use and abuse— the need for this capability is real. As customers expand their usage and implement other custom configurations across numerous applications (for the purpose of this post, I’ll refer to applications as “sites”), it will be important to periodically audit configurations to ensure consistency.
Certainly, there will be bespoke Power Rules and configuration for specific sites, but there will also be common Power Rules and configuration applied to all sites. To help audit and compare configurations from site to site, we can leverage both the Signal Sciences API and the pysigscia Python script.
The pysigscia script is part of the pysigscia Python package. The "a" in pysigscia stands for audit. The command will compare the configuration between two sites and generate a report. In the report, there will be a section for each type of configuration. If there is any differential between configurations, the report will show the details.
To get started, you need the pysigsci Python package, which can be installed using the command:
$ pip install pysigsci
It's worth noting this package provides several tools:
A module that is a Signal Sciences API wrapper. You can import this module into your Python scripts to work with the API.
The pysigsci CLI tool, which can be used to download/upload data and update configurations via the API.
The pysigscia CLI configuration audit tool, which is the focus of this article.
Also, you can find the source code for the pysigsci package on Github.
With the pysigsci package installed, you are ready to go. The first step is to set the required environment variables, so the tool can access the API.
$ export SIGSCI_EMAILfirstname.lastname@example.org
$ export SIGSCI_PASSWORD=examplepassword123
$ export SIGSCI_CORP=pxmx
$ export SIGSCI_SITE=site1
Next, run the following command to download configuration data from all sites.
$ pysigscia --get-config
Retrieving configuration for site1...
Retrieving configuration for site2...
Retrieving configuration for site3...
At this point, you are ready to start comparing. There are several options available on how to run the comparison. For example, you can:
Compare one site to all other sites
Compare a specific site to another specific site
Compare all configurations, or just a specific configuration
As of writing this, the following specific configuration options available are:
Run the first comparison of one site to all other sites with the command below. Notice the output is redirected to report.txt.The report can be very long, so saving the output to a file will make it easier to review.
$pysigscia --compare site1 > report.txt
Below is an example output from the command above. For brevity, this is just a snippet from the report and the configuration contents have been redacted. The first section is the comparison of site1 to site2, and the first configuration compared is REQUEST RULES. When you generate your report, you will see sections for all other configurations as well. Within each configuration section, it will indicate if a configuration in site1 does not match up with any configuration in site2. This means the configuration is missing or is not an exact match, and based on your review you may need to make updates to the configuration in site2. Also, this section indicates if a configuration is not in site1 but is in site2. Based on your review, you may need to make updates to the configuration in site1.
The flexible configuration of Signal Sciences is one of the many reasons why it is such a powerful platform for defending web applications. As customers expand their deployment footprint across many applications in their data centers and the cloud, having easy-to-use tools to verify and manage configurations is essential. With the Signal Sciences API and Python packages like pysigsci,you can easily ensure audit your configuration and ensure consistency. There are many more great features to come in Signal Sciences, so keep an eye on the pysgisci project for updates.